玩家汇娱乐

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循环经济中德国"鱼菜共生"新型农场是怎样运营的

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2015-04-30  来源:中国农村网  浏览次数:86340
内容摘要:  鱼菜共生是一种新型的复合耕作体系,它把水产养殖与蔬菜生产这两种原本完全不同的农耕技术,通过巧妙的生态设计,达到科学的
   鱼菜共生是一种新型的复合耕作体系,它把水产养殖与蔬菜生产这两种原本完全不同的农耕技术,通过巧妙的生态设计,达到科学的协同共生,从而实现养鱼不换水而无水质忧患,种菜不施肥而正常成长的生态共生效应。德国公司就利用这种技术在城市里种出了新鲜蔬菜、养出了肥美的鲜鱼,受到了民众的欢迎。

农民信息网 www.diormovie.com   墨西哥原住民阿兹台克人和古代中国人在一千年前就开始利用鱼菜共生技术了。如今,德国企业家在柏林这个大都市里种植蔬菜和养鱼。

  在一家废弃酿酒厂的砖墙里,德国“效率城市农场”公司(以下简称“ECF公司”)使用鱼菜共生技术种植土豆、胡椒以及绿色蔬菜,农场的肥料来源是鱼类的排泄物。它是一个麻雀虽小而五脏俱全的微型农场。尼古拉斯·莱斯赫与其合作伙伴在两年前创立了该公司,她说:“我们的目的在于向城市居民提供以可持续方式生产出来的农产品。”

玩家汇娱乐  鱼菜共生技术利用水栽法在水中种植蔬菜,同时在水箱里养鱼。“在这种技术的支持下,在城市里可以直接种植蔬菜而无需到偏远的乡村里。”莱斯赫一边吃着甜莴苣菜一边说。这将大大降低环境?;こ杀竞徒煌ǔ杀?。此外,它可以保证城市居民吃到新鲜的蔬菜。

玩家汇娱乐  如今,ECF公司在办公室外购买了一块1800平方米的土地,用于打造其较大规模的鱼菜养殖农场。

  柏林国家投资银行已经同意为该投资项目提供贷款。届时,该城中农场将在农场旁的精品店里出售水果和蔬菜,并向那些定制了“每周速递蔬果篮”的柏林市民配送农产品。

玩家汇娱乐  此外,农场还将向餐厅出售澳洲肺鱼。“或者有人打电话来说,我周末要举办一个烧烤晚会,我要买十条鱼,那么我们也会快递给他。”莱斯赫说。

  由于农产品就在附近生产出来,因此ECF公司生产出来的产品获得了社会的欢迎。去年咨询公司ATKearney在德国、瑞士、奥地利进行的一项研究表明,越来越多的消费者认为,食品在本地生产是最重要的,甚至比其是否为有机食品还更重要。

  ATKearney公司称,质量、新鲜度以及对本地经济的支持是民众对本地区产品抱有热情的原因。ATKearney公司将这类食品称为“新型的有机食品”。

玩家汇娱乐  莱斯赫的箱式农场分为两层,底下一层是水箱,里面养着鱼,上面一层是温室,种植着各色蔬菜。养鱼箱里安装了一个特殊的过滤器,过滤器的细菌将鱼粪里的氨基盐转化为硝酸盐,富含硝酸盐的水将被抽起来灌溉温室里的蔬菜。这些蔬菜并没有种植在土壤里,其根系生长在富含矿物营养物质的水流里。

  在人潮拥挤的城市中心,这是一种良好的耕种方式。如今城市化程度逐年上升,全世界将近一半的人居住在城市里。在这一背景下,这一耕种方式是非常有意义的。

  鱼菜农场里的水既可以用于养鱼,也可以用来种蔬菜,比传统农场里的用水量更小,而鱼粪被循环利用转化为植物的营养。鱼菜共生技术可追溯到墨西哥原住民阿兹台克人时代,他们在岛屿的浅水里种植作物,此外,远东的中国人很早就形成了在稻田里种植大米并同时养鱼的文化。

玩家汇娱乐  ECF公司复兴古老种植技术的创业构想赢得了加利福尼亚颁发的创业大奖。如今,公司已经售出了多个微型农场。创始人莱斯赫称:“我们并没有将种植当成一种业余爱好。我们的目标在于以可持续种植的方式为城市居民提供新鲜的蔬菜。我们将打造更大规模的城中农场,然后卖给企业、房地产开发商,甚至卖给农场主。我们的市场需求遍布全世界。”

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