玩家汇娱乐

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车厘子的种植条件

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2017-06-04  浏览次数:839683
内容摘要:车厘子车厘子就是英语单词cherry(樱桃)的音译,它们在台湾、广东及香港被直译做车厘子。但它不是指个小色红皮薄的中国车厘子,而
 车厘子的种植条件

农民信息网 www.diormovie.com 车厘子车厘子就是英语单词cherry(樱桃)的音译,它们在台湾、广东及香港被直译做“车厘子”。但它不是指个小色红皮薄的中国车厘子,而是产于美国、加拿大、智利等美洲国家的个大皮厚的进口车厘子。中国目前也有车厘子果树的引种,不过还没有形成规模,车厘子种植需要的环境条件有以下几点:

车厘子种植条件

温度

玩家汇娱乐车厘子是喜温而不耐寒的落叶果树,中国车厘子原产于我国长江流域,适应温暖潮湿的气候,耐寒力较弱,故长江流域及北方小气候比较温暖地区栽培较多。甜车厘子和酸车厘子原产于西亚和欧洲等地,适应比较凉爽干燥的气候,在我国华北、西北及东北南部栽培较宜。但夏季高温干燥对甜车厘子生长不利。冬季最低温度不能低于-20,过低的温度会引起大枝纵裂和流胶。另外花芽易受冻害。在开花期温度降到-3℃以下花即受冻害,所以在发展车厘子时,不宜在过分寒冷的地区。

车厘子种植条件

水分

车厘子对水分状况很敏感,既不抗旱,也不耐涝。中国车厘子的栽培区,除南方省份雨水充沛外,北方多选择山坡沟谷小气候较湿润的地区栽培。从世界各国甜车厘子的栽培分布区来看,大都选在靠近水系流域或近沿海地带。我国甜车厘子的主要栽培区目前多分布在渤海湾的山东烟台、辽宁大连等地,这两地靠近海,年降雨量为600~900毫米,空气也比较湿润。但这并不能限制降雨量少的地区栽培甜车厘子,像美国甜车厘子生产区华盛顿州的雅基玛和韦纳契, 年降雨量不超过250毫米,生长季降雨量不超过150毫米。乌克兰甜车厘子产区主要分布在靠黑海沿岸的夏天干旱地区,年降雨量不超过300毫米,7~9月很少降雨,但这些地区温度适宜,光照充足,有良好的灌溉条件,甜车厘子生长好,而且优质高产。车厘子和其他核果类一样,根系要求较高的氧气,如果土壤水分过多,氧气不足,将影响根系的正常呼吸,树体不能正常地生长和发育,引起烂根、流胶,严重将导致树体死亡。如果雨 水大而没及时排涝,车厘子树浸在水中2天,叶子即萎蔫,但不脱落,叶子萎蔫不能恢复甚至引起全树死亡。

车厘子种植条件

光照

玩家汇娱乐车厘子是喜光树种,尤其是甜车厘子,其次是酸车厘子和毛车厘子,中国车厘子比较耐荫。光照条件好时,树体健壮,果枝寿命长,花芽充实,坐果率高,果实成熟早,着色好,糖度高,酸味少。光照条件差时,树体易徒长,树冠内枝条衰弱,结果枝寿命短,结果部位外移,花芽发育不良,坐果率低,果实着色差,成熟晚,质量差。因此建园时要选择阳坡、半阳坡,栽植密度不宜过大,枝条要开张角度,保证树冠内部的光照条件,达到通风透光。

车厘子种植条件

土壤

甜车厘子是适宜在土层深厚,土质疏松,透气性好,保水力较强的砂壤土或砾质壤土上栽培。在土质粘重的土壤中栽培时,根系分布浅,不抗旱,不耐涝也不抗风。车厘子树对盐渍化的程度反应很敏感,适宜的土壤pH值为5.6~7,因此盐碱地区不宜种植车厘子。

车厘子很容易患根癌病,土壤中有根癌病菌及线虫则容易传染根癌病。种植车厘子、桃、李、杏的老果园,土壤中根癌病菌多,不宜栽植车厘子树,更不宜作为发展车厘子的苗圃。如果树苗有根癌病,将引起更严重的后果。

车厘子种植条件

玩家汇娱乐车厘子的根系一般比较浅,抗风能力差。严冬早春大风易造成枝条抽干,花芽受冻;花期大风易吹干柱头粘液,影响昆虫授粉;夏秋季台风,会造成枝折树倒,造成更大的损失。因此,在有大风侵袭的地区,一定要营造防风林,或选择小环境良好的地区建园。

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