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白茶的产地、类型、制作与功效

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2018-04-17  浏览次数:825871
内容摘要:茶文化在中华名族的文化历史中有着举足轻重的位置,茶文化滋润着中华儿女一代又一代。在生活中最常见的就是绿茶、红茶、花茶,但
  茶文化在中华名族的文化历史中有着举足轻重的位置,茶文化滋润着中华儿女一代又一代。在生活中最常见的就是绿茶、红茶、花茶,但是今天要给大家讲讲白茶,不知道有多少人知道白茶是什么,白茶的产地、类型、制作流程及功效都有哪些呢,下面我们就来一探究竟,给大家分享下白茶的妙处。
        白茶也是我国六大茶系中的一大名茶,汤色呈现清澈的淡黄绿色,滋味清香馥郁,属于微发酵型茶,白茶产地相对比较少,主要集中在福建省,包括有福鼎、政和、松溪、建阳等这几个主要的生产地,白茶在我国已经有两百多年的历史,起初以“福鼎大白茶”闻名于世,来源于福鼎县的一颗特别优质的茶树,用此树上密密麻麻的白茸毛加工制作而成的白茶。当然现在苏州等地也已经有白茶生产的经验啦,苏州在20世纪60年代就开始引入白茶的种植和制作工艺,而且苏州的白茶更有不同于福鼎白茶的独特特点,武夷山代表茶之一就是银针白茶哦,所以白茶现在也比较广泛被推荐饮用。
       白茶按茶树的品种和茶叶采摘新鲜等级的标准可以分为白毫银针、白牡丹、贡眉、新白茶这四种类型。白毫银针,被誉为“茶中美女”的美名,呈银白匀亮的色泽,泡出来之后香气鲜醇浓郁,口感清鲜嫩,根据不同的标准也分为特级、一级和二级这三个不同的标准;白牡丹茶如其名,冲泡后能更美的展现出其花朵般的美丽形态,宛若花蕾绽放。
       按品质标准同样分为特级、一级、二级和三级这四个等级,而这四个等级最明显的差异,就是白牡丹毫心的差距,毫心越多,等级越高,叶面呈有光泽的翠绿色,洁净无蜡叶,泡出来的茶汤清澈橙黄,品尝起来清甜醇厚,回味无穷;贡眉,又叫寿眉,白茶销售冠军就是贡眉,约占50%的销售额,贡眉可以分为特级茶、一级茶和二级茶这三个级别。其中特级茶毫心多而肥壮,叶片洁净而有光泽,呈现出干净温柔的墨绿色,泡出来的茶汤是清澈的浅橙黄色,香气鲜爽甘醇;新白茶是福建的特产,主要生产地是福鼎、政和、松溪、建阳等地。新白茶的叶片呈现有光泽的暗绿色,香气清爽,口感浓郁,汤色和绿茶比较接近,浓醇清甘是主要特点,还是很受欢迎的。
       白茶的制作工艺,流程比较简单,但是过程却是比较精细的,有萎凋和干燥两道工序,最为关键的一步就是萎凋,根据不同的气候温差来选择合适的加工工序,比如,春秋晴天或夏季不闷热的晴朗天气,采取室内萎凋或复式萎凋为佳。最为精细的工作就是在剔除梗、片、蜡叶、红张、暗张之后,以文火进行烘焙至足干,只宜以火香衬托茶香,待水分含量为4~5%时,趁热装箱,制作过程中,最大限度的保持酶的活性,也不让其氧化了,保持毫香显现,汤味鲜爽的效果。
       白茶的功效非常多,是人们口中通常所说的三抗、三降的功效,这里的三抗主要指的是抗辐射、抗氧化、抗肿瘤的功效,还有三降指的是降血压、降血脂、降血糖的功效。而且还有养心、养肝、养目、养神、养气、养颜的养身功效。这些还不算多,还有更多的治疗预防疾病的功效呢,比如,有火清热毒消炎症、发汗去湿舒滞避暑、治风火牙疼高烧麻疹等杂疾都有很好的效果,这主要是由于白茶本身所含有很多对身体非常好的营养素,所以这些功效自然也就显而易见。
       另外白茶还有非常好的抗病毒提高免疫力的作用呢,白茶提取物对导致葡萄球菌感染、链球菌感染、肺炎和龋齿的细菌生长具有很好的预防作用,所以平常要多喝点白茶,对提高自身免疫力是非常不错的选择哦。经美国佩斯大学的研究发现,白茶提取物可能对人类致命病毒具有抵抗效果,这不是传说,而是具有一定的科学依据的哦。现代很多的美容产品里面都参入了很多白茶的成分,比如有的牙膏就含有白茶的提取物,还有很多的面膜,美容护肤品都有用到白茶的成分,其主要是因为白茶本身所具有的营养价值之高的原因。白茶提取物对青霉菌和酵母菌有很好的杀伤力,可以说能完全杀灭这些霉菌和病毒。
       看到这些,大家是不是对白茶有了更进一步的了解,是不是后悔今天才看到这些,应该早早就了解白茶的这些养生的知识,不光对自己的身体有很好的保健作用,对家人和朋友也有非常好的养生保健作用哦,但是现在还不晚,知道了我们就马上行动,每天泡一杯白茶,享受茶叶中的清香鲜爽,享受白茶带给我们的健康与快乐?。ㄎ?武夷缘)
       关注武夷缘,一起交流分享好茶!
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